Behaviour

Great white shark
Great white shark

Not all great white sharks journey alone

Two male great white sharks, named "Jekyll" and "Simon", tagged off Georgia's coast in December, displayed a groundbreaking migration pattern.

From April, Jekyll and Simon's joint journey saw them traverse the Atlantic Coast, passing places like Ocracoke and Virginia Beach in a synchronised manner. While sharks sometimes gather for mating or feeding, their migrations are usually solitary.

When the trumpetfish swims alongside another species, it either remains hidden or is not recognised as a threat due to its altered shape
When the trumpetfish swims alongside another species, it either remains hidden or is not recognised as a threat due to its altered shape.

The trumpetfish's unique hunting strategy

The trumpetfish, with its long, slender body, shadows non-threatening species like the parrotfish. This allows it to get closer to its prey, such as damselfish, without being detected. Dr Sam Matchette, a leading researcher from the University of Cambridge, explains that when the trumpetfish swims alongside another species, it either remains hidden or is not recognised as a threat due to its altered shape.

Tetra fish
Tetra fish

Neon tetra fish wait their turn when evacuating through narrow opening

Scientists have observed neon tetra fish queuing up when exiting through a narrow opening, according to a study in the journal Scientific Reports.

In the study, Aurélie Dupont, a biological physicist in the Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique at University Grenoble Alpes, and her team set up two fish tanks connected to each other by a narrow opening. The diameter of the passageway varied from 1.5 to 4 centimeters.

A research team has demonstrated that fish think "it's me" when they see themselves in a mirror or picture.

Fish recognises itself in photographs

A new study demonstrates how animals recognise self-images.

Some animals have the remarkable capacity for mirror self-recognition (MSR), yet any implications for self-awareness remain uncertain.

In a test of MSR ability in cleaner fish, mirror-naive fish initially attacked photograph models of both themselves and unfamiliar strangers. In contrast, after all fish had passed the mirror mark test, they did not attack their own (motionless) images, but still frequently attacked those of unfamiliar individuals.

Dolphins speak "baby talk" to offspring

Have you ever noticed that when adults speak to babies or small children, they speak in a distinctively specific manner? As if by instinct, they speak in a high-pitched voice, with clear pronunciation and longer pauses between words.

It seems that this “baby talk” is not reserved for humans. Researchers have discovered that dolphins too indulge in baby talk—by changing their characteristic whistles and frequencies—when they communicate with their offspring.

Shark diving.
On a shark dive

On Shark "Feeding" Dives

Shark dives provide an excellent way to meet a lot of sharks, and represent a unique situation in which sharks are treated well by humanity.

Shark dive clubs usually bring some fishy scraps—in most cases the remains left over after big fish have been cut up for sale. The scent attracts the sharks into view, and provides a bit of excitement as the animals investigate and try to get a piece.

Masked spinefoots (S. puellus)
Masked spinefoots (S. puellus)

Fishes look out for their buddies

In pairs of coral reef rabbitfishes (f. Siganidae), one fish frequently assumes an upright vigilance position in the water column, while the partner forages in small crevices in the reef substratum. Both behaviours are strongly coordinated and partners regularly alternate their positions, resulting in a balanced distribution of foraging activity.

Many species of sharks, including the lemon shark, are known to actively prefer to be social and live in groups or loose aggregations. Social interaction is thought to be important for the survival and success of juvenile lemon sharks.

Sharks can form social bonds

Sand tiger sharks, top predators that live in coastal waters off the Eastern United States, have experienced drastic population declines over the past several decades. Understanding how these sharks move and interact could help biologists better conserve this species and determine how vulnerable they are to human activities. During summer, the sharks congregate in the shallow waters of Delaware Bay but are highly migratory, travelling as far south as the Carolinas and Florida during the winter and early spring.